Psa 19:1 To the chief musician. A Psalm of David. The heavens are recounting the glory of God, and the expanse proclaiming His handiwork.
Psa 19:2 Day by day they pour forth speech, and night to night reveals knowledge.
Psa 19:3 There is no speech, nor are there words where their voice is not heard.
Psa 19:4 Their measuring line has gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world; in them He has set up a dwelling-place for the sun,
Psa 19:5 and he comes forth like a bridegroom from his canopy. He rejoices like a hero to run a race;
Psa 19:6 his going forth from the end of the heavens, and his orbit to their ends; and nothing is hidden from his heat.
Recounting -- H5608 ספר sâphar saw-far'
A primitive root; properly to score with a mark as a tally or record, that is, (by implication) to inscribe, and also to enumerate; intensively to recount, that is, celebrate: - commune, (ac-) count, declare, number, + penknife, reckon, scribe, shew forth, speak, talk, tell (out), writer.
Contrast between the Sun—ever constant even behind clouds—and the Lord God who literally does run the race and literally nothing is hidden from Him. Constancy so perfect that we know the hour and the minute when the first rays will peek over the horizon. Whether Man wants to recognize it or not, this is entirely for the service of Mankind.
They speak in the universal language, each hears in his own tongue the testimony of God the Creator of all the universe.
Matthew Henry: They plainly speak themselves to be God's handy-works; for they could not exist from eternity; all succession and motion must have had a beginning; they could not make themselves, that is a contradiction; they could not be produced by a casual hit of atoms, that is an absurdity, fit rather to be bantered than reasoned with: therefore they must have a Creator, who can be no other than an eternal mind, infinitely wise, powerful, and good. Thus it appears they are God's works, the works of his fingers (Psa_8:3), and therefore they declare his glory.
Compare the animals who walk on all fours to man who was made erect. The animals look down and contemplate the here and now, concerned with the things of survival where as Man looks up. It is an embedded thing for Man from our Creator, to know there is a Spirit and a realm which is other than ourselves.
Psa 19:7 The Law of Jehovah is perfect, converting the soul.
Of course God’s Word is perfect (whole and complete) it provides the counsel that guides.
The Testimony of Jehovah is sure, making the simple wise.
It is sure: 'âman aw-man' A primitive root; properly to build up or support; to foster as a parent or nurse; figuratively to render firm or faithful, to trust or believe, to be permanent or quiet; morally to be true or certain; once (in Isa_30:21; by interchange for H541) to go to the right hand: - hence assurance, believe, bring up, establish, + fail, be faithful (of long continuance, steadfast, sure, surely, trusty, verified), nurse, (-ing father), (put), trust, turn to the right.
God’s gives us faith and His word has proven to be true from the very beginning, so if we cannot believe faithfully, we can believe with reason because of His testimony.
Psa 19:8 The precepts of Jehovah are right, rejoicing the heart.
Having this guidance, we can throw off the burdensome worries and be glad that when we follow Him, when we are within His will, then our hearts are light, brightened and full of glee.
The commands of Jehovah are pure, giving light to the eyes.
Moral purity, Holy, Just, giving us a deep understanding of the world around us as well as understanding people and motives.
Psa 19:9 The fear of Jehovah is clean, enduring forever.
Morally reverencing God is טהר טהור ṭâhôr ṭâhôr haw-hore', taw-hore'
From H2891; pure (in a physical, chemical, ceremonial or moral sense): - clean, fair, pure (-ness).
The judgments of Jehovah are true, they are righteous altogether.
True: Trustworthy, Certainty, Assured Righteous: Morally Correct. and Both together at once.
Psa 19:10 They are more precious than gold, even much fine gold, and sweeter than honey and drops from the honeycomb.
Psa 19:11 Also Your servant is warned by them; in keeping of them is great reward.
Instruction is the Hebrew word Torah Torah H8451 תּרה תּורה tôrâh tôrâh to-raw', to-raw'
From H3384; a precept or statute, especially the Decalogue or Pentateuch: - law.
Notice it is the double word usage which means it is of intense importance.
Psa 19:12 Who can discern errors? Acquit me from secret faults.
Matthew Henry 1. He takes occasion hence to make a penitent reflection upon his sins; for by the law is the knowledge of sin. “Is the commandment thus holy, just, and good? Then who can understand his errors? I cannot, whoever can.” From the rectitude of the divine law he learns to call his sins his errors. If the commandment be true and righteous, every transgressions of the commandment is an error, as grounded upon a mistake; every wicked practice takes rise from some corrupt principle; it is a deviation from the rule we are to work by, the way we are to walk in. From the extent, the strictness, and spiritual nature, of the divine law he learns that his sins are so many that he cannot understand the number of them, and so exceedingly sinful that he cannot understand the heinousness and malignity of them. We are guilty of many sins which, through our carelessness and partiality to ourselves, we are not aware of; many we have been guilty of which we have forgotten; so that, when we have been ever so particular in the confession of sin, we must conclude with an et cetera - and such like; for God knows a great deal more evil of us than we do of ourselves. In many things we all offend, and who can tell how often he offends? It is well that we are under grace, and not under the law, else we were undone.
…Thy Word have I hid in my heart, that I might not sin against Thee…
Psa 19:13 Also withhold Your servant from arrogant sins; do not let them rule over me; then I shall be upright, and I shall be innocent from great transgression.
Complete submission to the will of God, recognizing only God can cause us to live the Christian Life. When we submit to Him, He gives us the spiritual wisdom to recognize our own arrogance, and gives us the spiritual strength to turn our minds from that course.
Psa 19:14 Let the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart be pleasing before You, O Jehovah, my Rock and my Redeemer.
God is the perfect filter for our mouth and mind. When He guards our thoughts, our mouth will will spew refreshing waters rather than caustic acid.